They bring individual experiences into words in data collection, and then attempt to understand those experiences based on the statements, and to categorize the themes in the next stage. In the last stage, investigators record the essence in writing, which results in a comprehensive description of the phenomena 6 , Grounded theory Considering the significance of personal relations in grounded theory, researchers act as a component of daily events and must therefore be completely aware of their values.
Since there is no control in this natural field, investigators are not detached from the research process, and ought to be conscious of their prejudices and potential influence on the study. Researchers need to be able to perform data admission and coding concurrently, and should consequently be equipped with proper analysis skills in order to criticize and conduct abstract thinking 16 , Ethnography In ethnographic studies, researchers function as instruments that understand and analyze the culture.
Therefore, ethnographic investigators need to be immersed in the culture and to live among the study population. However, ethnographers have to be notified of their role as research instruments while collecting and analyzing data Open in a separate window. Ethical challenges in qualitative studies: The researcher-participant relationship The relationship and intimacy that is established between the researchers and participants in qualitative studies can raise a range of different ethical concerns, and qualitative researchers face dilemmas such as respect for privacy, establishment of honest and open interactions, and avoiding misrepresentations Research design The qualitative method is utilized to explain, clarify and elaborate the meanings of different aspects of the human life experience.
Data gathering and data analysis In qualitative research, data are collected with a focus on multifaceted interviews and narratives to produce a description of the experiences. Conclusion In qualitative studies, researchers have a great responsibility and play many different roles.
Acknowledgments The authors would like to offer special thanks to Dr. References 1. Jones R. Why do qualitative research? Brit Med J. The Sage Handbook of Qualitative Research. CA: Sage Publication; Stake RE. First ed. New York: Guilford Press; Pope C, Mays N.
X Before you send your plan please ensure you have read the frequently asked questions. It is argued that qualitative research that deals with sensitive topics in depth can pose emotional and other risks to both participants and researchers. London: Stationary Office; The researcher conducting an evaluation does hold a certain amount of power over the population, like it or not. In communication with researchers, advisers must not use racist, sexist or otherwise derogatory language. Advisers are encouraged to seek independent financial advice with regard to their obligations.
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